4 things you should know about cancer of the colon and rectum

1. Why you should be informed?

There are currently more than one million survivors of colorectal cancer in the United States. The hopes of winning the battle and survive is cancer are high, especially if we beat the front.

If we turn to cancer preventing know about symptoms, risk factors and tests that can detect early, we run the risk that this silent enemy we win the battle.

2. What are the symptoms?

The colon and rectum cancer affects normal bowel functions, but these effects usually appear when the cancer begins. These symptoms usually appear when the cancer has reached an advanced stage, when treatment is usually less successful.

If the following symptoms are present for a few weeks, see your doctor to give you a diagnosis

* Presence of blood (red live or dark) in the stool

* Changes in the usual routine of going to the bathroom, either diarrhea or constipation

* Lee thinner than usual

* Frequent pain or cramping due to gas

* Feeling bloated belly

* Feeling that the bowel has been completely emptied

* Feeling constantly tired

* Have nausea or vomiting

These symptoms may be caused by cancer or other causes. In any case, consult your doctor warrant. Only a doctor can give an accurate diagnosis.

3. How do I detect it early?

Cancer of the colon and rectum is one of the cancers for which no screening tests. The National Cancer Institute recommends that all people these tests are made after age 50.

People with one or more of the risk factors should consult with your doctor about whether they should be tested before age 50, and which tests recommended.

Examination of the colon and rectum (colonoscopy)

The National Institutes of Health indicate that colonoscopy is the best screening test for colon cancer. During the colonoscopy, the patient is under anesthesia while the doctor examines the colon and rectum looking for polyps or other abnormal growths using a colonoscope.

4. What are the risk factors?

The risk of colorectal cancer increases in the case of

* Polyps in the colon or rectum: when they begin to grow polyps are not cancerous, but over time they can become malignant. Colonoscopy can detect polyps when they begin to grow and eliminate them during the exam. By removing polyps prevents cancer development.

* Personal history of inflammatory bowel disease: for example, ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease.

* Family history: People whose parents, siblings or children have or have had colon and rectal cancer have a higher risk of autism.

* Age: even young adults can suffer from this cancer, nine out of 10 cases are over 50 years old.

* Type 2 diabetes

* Obesity

* Physical Inactivity

* Smoke

* Excessive alcohol

The American Cancer Society has estimated that in 2014 there will be 96 830 new cases of colon cancer and 40,000 rectum. Around 50,310 people will die because of these two types of cancer.

These numbers are lower than those reported for 2013. This may be due in part to

* More people are going to the doctor, before experiencing symptoms to get tested early detection.

* The screening tests are revealing cancer beginning, when it is easier to cure.

In addition, treatments have improved in recent years.

More information

National Institute of Cancer, “Cancer of the colon and rectum,” (accessed on March 8, 2014).

American Cancer Society, “What Is Colorectal Cancer ?,” (accessed on March 8, 2014).